Behind the political voluntarism, flat no new ideas and above means. Certainly, Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault confirmed during the course of the presentation of the government's agenda, namely "reverse the unemployment curve" by the end of the year.
For this reason, most of the policy for employment will be held during the first weeks of the year. 10 and 11 January, the social partners should agree on securing employment. The Prime Minister was asked yesterday employers and unions "an ambitious agreement that gives companies the adaptability they need and provide employees with the necessary security." If an agreement is reached, a bill will validate advanced promised Jean-Marc Ayrault.
In the wake of these negotiations, the draft law on the contract generation, a key measure of the candidate Holland, will go before Parliament on 15 January. Objective of the five-year, said the Prime Minister in its roadmap, 500,000 young hires on permanent contracts and the continued employment of 500,000 seniors. The mechanism is still far from full turn in 2013, where he is expected to cost 180 million euros to the state, against $ 1 billion in a full year.
The government intends especially in the short term, the jobs of the future. It has to create 100,000 by the end of the year, exclusively for young people without qualifications, said the Prime Minister.
These measures will not be enough unfortunately. But the government can only he do more? Nothing is less certain in the face of uncertain growth and deficit reduction target of 3% of gross domestic product which tie the hands.
Loosen the deficit target
To have a chance, if that stabilizes the unemployment curve should be such loosen the deficit target of around 4%, calculated Mathieu Plane, an economist at the French Observatory of Economic Conditions (OFCE). "This would create, with 12 billion euros and released about 100,000 additional jobs in the private sector," he calculates. On unchanged policies, provided however OFCE, 150,000 jobs will be destroyed.
In this context, the rest of the government's social policy will have to wait. If "legislation allowing employees to serve on boards" will be discussed at the end of the first quarter, Jean-Marc Ayrault did not specify when the government intends to study the reform of addiction, the Law on hospital or on the organization of care.
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